We are pleased to sponsor the Electrode Placement and Functional Movement series presented by Dr. Lucinda Baker, Associate Professor at USC Division of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy. These videos provide comprehensive information on the preparation and use of electrodes for effective neurostimulation treatment. All electrodes used in the video presentation are PALS® neurostimulation electrodes. We trust these videos will assist your efforts in providing the most effective treatment to your patients.

DVDs can be ordered by contacting us. Chapter downloads, as well as the full DVD ISO file, are available for free offline viewing via the download links below.

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Chapter 4 [Download]
Full DVD ISO file available: [Download]
PULSE WIDTH: 300uSEC      HZ: 35      WAVEFORM: Asymmetric      STIMULATION GRADE: N/A
Application Instructions:

Electrode placements for shoulder flexion and abduction can be seen here with one electrode over the anterior deltoid and the other over the middle deltoid. The acromium is marked with the marker. In our first placement the negative electrode of the asymmetric waveform is placed over the anterior deltoid and you can see the resultant stimulation is one of dominantly flexion.

The therapist is now putting the stimulator on pause and he is going to switch the polarity so that the middle deltoid electrode is now the negative electrode and the anterior deltoid will become the positive electrode. You can see the resultant stimulated contraction is one of dominant abduction. Placing the stimulator on pause, the electrode leads are being disconnected. A second stimulator that is programmed with a symmetric biphasic waveform is being connected. And now as the therapist increases the amplitude you will notice that both electrodes, anterior and middle deltoid, are equally excitable resulting in a motion that would be referred to as scaption, a combination of flexion and abduction.