We are pleased to sponsor the Electrode Placement and Functional Movement series presented by Dr. Lucinda Baker, Associate Professor at USC Division of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy. These videos provide comprehensive information on the preparation and use of electrodes for effective neurostimulation treatment. All electrodes used in the video presentation are PALS® neurostimulation electrodes. We trust these videos will assist your efforts in providing the most effective treatment to your patients.

DVDs can be ordered by contacting us. Chapter downloads, as well as the full DVD ISO file, are available for free offline viewing via the download links below.

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Chapter 32 [Download]
Full DVD ISO file available: [Download]
PULSE WIDTH: 300uSEC      HZ: 35      WAVEFORM: Symmetric      STIMULATION GRADE: 3-/5
Application Instructions:

Electrode placement for knee flexion. The greater trochantor and the popliteal fossa are marked. Large electrodes are used to activate this diverse muscle group, with a symmetric biphasic waveform. The proximal electrode is placed medially to activate all of the hamstrings near their origin. The distal electrode is placed about midline. During stimulation you must remember the biomechanics of the hamstring muscles require fifteen degrees of knee flexion to allow further knee flexion. The stimulated contraction is three minus out of five in this position. Stronger contractions result in muscle cramping. For treatment purposes stimulation is better carried out in a short sitting position with resistance against the hamstrings.