Educational Resources

Axelgaard is proud to offer free educational resources via our video series and our interactive visual guide. The guide is viewable both on desktop and mobile and all of our videos can be watched online or downloaded for offline viewing.

Interactive NMES Electrode Placement Guide

In collaboration with Dr. Lucinda Baker of the University of Southern California’s Division of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy, Axelgaard’s Electrode Placement Guide is a free, interactive resource for electrode placement. This informative guide features 41 instructional videos, illustration-enhanced electrode placement photos, and relevant information on muscular and neurological anatomy.

NMES Electrode Placement Videos

We are pleased to sponsor the Electrode Placement and Functional Movement series presented by Dr. Lucinda Baker, Associate Professor at USC Division of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy. These videos provide comprehensive information on the preparation and use of electrodes for effective neurostimulation treatment. All electrodes used in the video presentations are PALS® neurostimulation electrodes.

Individual chapters and the full DVD ISO file are available for free download alongside each video for offline viewing.

Chapter 33
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Pulse Width: 300uSEC
HZ: 35
Waveform: Asymmetric
Stimulation Grade: 3/5
Application Instructions

Electrode configuration for ankle dorsiflexion. The fibular head is marked, and the lateral malleolus is visible. An asymmetric biphasic waveform is used, with the negative electrode placed over the muscle belly of the anterior tib, very midline close to the tibia.

The positive electrode is also placed close to the tibia, further down the shank. During stimulation a three out of five contraction can be seen, with good balance of the foot and minimal activation of the toe extensors.

1 - Electrode Placement & Functional Movement
2 - Proper Skin Preparation for Electrode Placement
3 - Motor Point Location for Electrode Placement
4 - Shoulder Flexion & Abduction
5 - Shoulder Flexion & Abduction Dual Channel
6 - Elbow Extension
7 - Elbow Flexion
8 - Scapular Retraction
9 - Wrist Extension
10 - Wrist Extension: Radial-Ulnar Balance
11 - Finger Extension
12 - Wrist & Finger Extension
13 - Wrist Flexion
14 - Wrist Flexion: Radial-Ulnar Balance
15 - Finger Flexion
16 - Wrist & Finger Flexion
17 - Thumb Extension
18 - Lumbrical Grip
19 - Power Grasp: Dual Channel
20 - Thumb Opposition
21 - Thumb Abduction
22 - Finger Extension with Thumb Abduction
23 - Supination: Option 1
24 - Supination: Option 2
25 - Pronation
26 - Hand Submersion
27 - Hip Extension
28 - Hip Abduction
29 - Knee Extension
30 - Knee Extension: Dual Channel Power
31 - Knee Extension: Dual Channel Stimulation Tracking
32 - Knee Flexion
33 - Ankle Dorsiflexion
34 - Ankle Dorsiflexion: Inappropriate Placement
35 - Flexion Reflex: Placement 1
36 - Flexion Reflex: Placement 2
37 - Flexion Reflex: Placement 3
38 - Ankle Plantar Flexion
39 - Ankle Plantar Flexion Soleus Placement
40 - Ankle Plantar Flexion Dual Channel Gastroc
41 - Foot Submersion